Born of the feminist movement and founded by hereditary witch Zsuzsanna Budapest, Dianic Wicca embraces the Goddess but spends little time on her male counterpart. Most Dianic Wiccan covens are female-only, but a few have welcomed men into their groups, with the intention of adding some much-needed polarity.
In some areas, the phrase Dianic Wiccan came to mean lesbian witchbut that is not always the case, as Dianic covens welcome women of any sexual orientation. Budapest says specifically. While many Wiccan paths follow a belief system that limits hexing, cursing or negative magicsome Dianic Wiccans make an exception to that rule.
Budapest, a noted feminist Wiccan writer, has argued that hexing or binding those who do harm to women is acceptable. In particular, she has called for the hexing and binding of men who perpetrate sexual violence against women and children. Dianic covens celebrate the eight Sabbatsand use similar altar tools to other Wiccan traditions. However, among the Dianic community there is not a lot of continuity in ritual or practice — they simply self-identify as Dianic to indicate that they follow a Goddess-based, feminine-focused spiritual path.
Dianic Wicca - and specifically, Z Budapest herself - has been at the center of a few controversies lately. At the PantheaContransgender women were specifically excluded from a women's ritual hosted by a Dianic group.
Budapest's statements afterwards regarding the incident led to accusations of transphobia against her and the Dianic tradition, when she said. On her group's websiteBudapest states that membership is open to cisgendered women "Open to women born-women" only. Following the PantheaCon controversy, a number of offshoot groups of the Dianic tradition distanced themselves from Budapest and her coven.
One group, the Amazon Priestess Tribe, publicly retired from the lineage with a press release that read. In the wake of the issues with transphobia within the Dianic community, a few groups have continued to call themselves Dianic, but have amended their names to reflect inclusivity of transgender women.
In particular, the McFarland Dianic tradition, named for founder Morgan McFarland, was one of the first Dianic groups to allow members who were not assigned female at birth. McFarland Dianic circles say they specifically do not exclude trans individuals of either gender, although only female members can be elevated to the level of priesthood, and the admission of male members is on a case-by-case basis, and left to the discretion of the circle's high priestess.
Share Flipboard Email. Patti Wigington. Paganism Expert. Patti Wigington is a pagan author, educator, and licensed clergy. Facebook Facebook Twitter Twitter. Updated October 03, Origins of Dianic Wicca Born of the feminist movement and founded by hereditary witch Zsuzsanna Budapest, Dianic Wicca embraces the Goddess but spends little time on her male counterpart.A retired British civil servant named Gerald B.
Gardner is the 'Grandfather', at the very least, of almost all Neo-Wicca. There is an enormous amount of disagreement about virtually every statement I have made in this paragraph. Gardnerianism is both a tradition and a family, and lineage is a family tree. The High Priestess rules the coven, and the principles of love and trust preside.
We follow our handed down book more carefully than many others, but we are free to add and improvise, as long as we preserve the original. We work skyclad, practice binding and scourging, are hierarchal and secretive, so therefore we are controversial.
We're also controversial because we were first - the first craft tradition in the U. So, we're called the snobs of the Craft, but I think we're as much fun as anyone else; our parties as good, our jokes as bad.
A lot of the controversy surrounding Gardnerianism questions the sources of the rituals and other materials, particularly those appearing in print. It is true that Gardner presented these materials as if they were directly from his New Forest tradition. It is clear, however, that whatever materials the coven may have had when he was initiated, Gerald made a lot of changes and added a great deal.
Much of the published material was written by Doreen Valiente, a member of the coven for a time and later founder of her own groups and author of many excellent books on the Craft. Gardnerian Witches without doubt do have many materials which have not appeared in print, however, their emphasis on secrecy has made them a punch line in the Wiccan social world.
How many Gardnerians does it take to change a light bulb? That's a secret! As most everyone by now is aware, the Alexandrian Tradition is very close to Gardnerian with a few minor changes. One of the most obvious ones being that the Alexandrians use the athame as a symbol for the element of fire and the wand as a symbol for air. Most of the rituals are very formal and heavily indebted to ceremonial magick.
As with Gardnerians, the High Priestess is supposedly the highest authority. However, it is odd that the primary spokespersons for both traditions have been men. Alexandrian Wicca is the creation of Alex Sanders with his then wife Maxine who claimed to have been initiated by his grandmother in It's principal proponents are Janet and Stewart Fararr whose books set forth most, if not all, of the Alexandrian tradition. Contrary to popular belief, the name Alexandrian refers not to Alex Sanders, but to Ancient Alexandria.
Although similar to Gardnerian Wicca, Alexandrian Wicca tends to be more eclectic, and liberal. Some of Gardnerisms strict rules, such as the requirement of ritual nudity, have been made optional by Alexandrian Wicca. Mary Nesnick, an American initiate in Gardnerian and Alexandrian traditions founded a 'new' tradition called Algard. This tradition brings together both Gardnerian and Alexandrian teachings under a single banner. This was possible due to the great similarities between the two traditions.
They offer correspondence courses in their brand of Wicca, which is sometimes called Celtic Wicca. The Church of Wicca has just recently begun including a Goddess in their deity structure, and has been very patrofocal as Wiccan traditions go. The Church of Wicca terms itself "Baptist Wicca". The Frosts call their tradition of Wicca Celtic. To me it seems more of a mixture of high magic and eclectic Wicca, with a smattering of Celtic thrown in.
For instance, they use three circles, one within the others, made of salt, sulphur and herbs with runes and symbols between them instead of just one circle.
Remembering Morgan McFarland, pioneer Dianic Witch
They also insist on a white- handled athame and will not have a black handled one, whereas all the other traditions I have heard or read about use a black handled one. It seems to me the Wicca they practice and teach should not be called Celtic at all; but since a lot of it is made up or put together by them from other traditions they should also give it a made-up name; say Frostism. If you DON'T have to pay for the course, and have some extra time, it would probably be worth reading just for comparison.
The Frosts have always been rather more public than most traditions advertising their course in the Enquirer and similar publications which has earned them heavy criticism in less public Craft groups. If one word could best describe the Georgean Tradition, it would be 'eclectic'.Dianic Wiccaalso known as Dianic Witchcraft is a neopagan religion female-centered goddess ritual and tradition.
While some adherents identify as Wiccanit differs from most traditions of Wicca in that only goddesses are honored whereas most Wiccan traditions honor both female and male deities. While there is more than one tradition that calls itself Dianic,  the best known is the female-only variety,  founded by Zsuzsanna Budapest in the United States in the s. It is named after the Roman goddess Dianabut Dianics worship goddesses from many cultures, seeing them as "aspects" of a monotheistic goddess.
Dianic Wiccans of the Budapest lineage worship the Goddesswho they see as containing all goddesses, from all cultures; she is seen as the source of all living things and containing all that is within her. They focus especially on healing themselves from the wounds of the patriarchy while affirming their own womanhood. Rituals can include reenacting religious and spiritual lore from a female-centered standpoint, celebrating the female body, and mourning society's abuses of women.
However, many other Dianic witches notably Budapest do not consider hexing or binding of those who attack women to be wrong, and actively encourage the binding of rapists. Like other Wiccans, Dianics may form covensattend festivalscelebrate the eight major Wiccan holidaysand gather on Esbats. Dianics may also gather in less formal Circles. It's the natural law, as women fare so fares the world, their children, and that's everybody.
If you lift up the women you have lifted up humanity. Men have to learn to develop their own mysteries. Where is the order of Attis? Not only research it, but then popularize it as well as I have done. Where are the Dionysian rites? I think men are lazy in this aspect by not working this up for themselves.
It's their own task, not ours. There is therapeutic value inherent in Dianic ritual—many women use it to overcome personal trauma and raise awareness about violence towards women, earning comparisons to female-centered consciousness-raising groups in the s and 70s. In one ethnographic study of such a ritual, women shifted their understanding of power from the hands of their abusers to themselves.
It was found that this ritual had improved self-perception in participants in the short-term, and that the results could be sustained with ongoing practice. Dianics pride themselves on the inclusion of lesbian and bisexual members.
It is a goal within many covens to explore female sexuality and sensuality outside of male control, and many rituals function to affirm lesbian sexuality,  making it a popular tradition for women who have come out.
Dianic Wicca developed from the Women's Liberation Movement and covens traditionally compare themselves with radical feminism.
Some of these covens reject transgender people who were assigned male at birth. Aradia, or the Gospel of the Witches claims that ancient Diana, AphroditeAradia, and Herodius cults linked to the Sacred Mysteries are the origin of the all-female coven and many witch myths as we know them. McFarland Dianic is a Neopagan tradition of goddess worship founded by Morgan McFarland and Mark Roberts which, despite the shared name, has a different theology and in some cases accepts male participants.
While some McFarland covens will initiate men, the leadership is limited to female priestesses. Like other Dianic traditions, "McFarland Dianic covens espouse feminism as an all-important concept. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on Feminism History. Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. First Second Third Fourth. General variants. Religious variants.Origins of Dianic Wicca: Born of the feminist movement and founded by hereditary witch Zsuzsanna Budapest, Dianic Wicca embraces the Goddess but spends little time on her male counterpart.
Most Dianic Wiccan covens are female-only, but a few have welcomed men into their groups, with the intention of adding some much-needed polarity. In some areas, the phrase Dianic Wiccan came to mean lesbian witch, but that is not always the case, as Dianic covens welcome women of any sexual orientation.
She is Mother Nature.
Mothers can give life to each other as well as to men, who are not able to do the same for themselves. This constitutes a dependency upon the Female Life Force for life renewed, and was accepted naturally in ancient times by our ancient forebearers as a sacred gift of the Goddess. In patriarchal times this sacred gift was turned against women, and used to force them to give up roles of independence and power.
Budapest, a noted feminist Wiccan writer, has argued that hexing or binding those who do harm to women is acceptable. Honoring the Goddess: Dianic covens celebrate the eight Sabbats, and use similar altar tools to other Wiccan traditions. However, among the Dianic community there is not a lot of continuity in ritual or practice — they simply self-identify as Dianic to indicate that they follow a Goddess-based, feminine-focused spiritual path.
Recent Controversies : Dianic Wicca — and specifically, Z Budapest herself — has been at the center of a few controversies lately. Transies who attack us only care about themselves. We women need our own culture, our own resourcing, our own traditions.
Men simply want in. How dare us women not let them in and give away the ONLY spiritual home we have! Following the PantheaCon controversy, a number of offshoot groups of the Dianic tradition distanced themselves from Budapest and her coven. We feel it inappropriate to remain members of a lineage where our views and practices diverge significantly from those of the primary lineage holder.
It was founded by Zsuzsanna Budapest in the United States in the s, and is notable for its focus on the worship of the Goddess, and on feminism. Beliefs and practices Most Dianic Wiccans worship the Goddess only, believing that She is the source of all living and contains all within Her. There are Dianic witches who practice other forms of paganism possibly including honoring a male deity or deities outside of their Dianic practice. Some Dianics are monotheistic, some are polytheistic, some are atheist.Tradition from western Europe, tracked back to Margaret Murray in It is a mix of many traditions, but its focus is on the Goddess, and Diana.
Covens are mixed, including both women and men. The other branch, sometimes called Feminist Dianic Witchcraft, focus exclusively on the Goddess and consists of women-only covens and groups. These tend to be loosely structured and non-hierarchical, using consensus- decision- making and simple, creative, experimental ritual.
They are politically feminist groups, usually very supportive, personal and emotionally intimate. There is a strong lesbian presence in the movement, though most covens are open to women of all orientations. This is the most feminist Craft Tradition. Most Dianic covens worship the Goddess exclusively Diana and Artemis are the most common manifestations and most today are women only. Rituals are eclectic; some are derived from Gardnerian and Faery traditions, while others have been created anew.
Emphasis is on rediscovering and reclaiming female power and divinity, consciousnes-raising, and combining politics with spirituality. This branch gives primacy to the Goddess in its theology, but honors the Horned God as Her beloved Consort. Covens include both women and men. The other branch, Feminist Dianic Witchcraft, focuses exclusively on the Goddess and consists of women-only covens, often with a strong lesbian presence.
These tend to be loosely structured and non-hierarchial, using consensus decision making and simple, creative, experimental ritual. They are politically femisnist groups, usually very supportive, personal and emotionally intimate. The major network is Re-Formed Congregation of the Goddess.
Z Budapest founded the Susan B. Born of the feminist movement and founded by hereditary witch Zsuzsanna Budapest, Dianic Wicca embraces the Goddess but spends little time on her male counterpart.
Most Dianic Wiccan covens are female-only, but a few have welcomed men into their groups, with the intention of adding some much-needed polarity. In some areas, the phrase Dianic Wiccan came to mean lesbian witch, but that is not always the case, as Dianic covens welcome women of any sexual orientation. While many Wiccan paths follow a belief system that limits hexing, cursing or negative magic, some Dianic Wiccans make an exception to the rule.
Budapest, a noted feminist Wiccan writer, has argued that hexing or binding those who do harm to women is acceptable. Dianic covens celebrate the eight Sabbats, and use similar altar tools to other Wiccan traditions. However, among the Dianic community there is not a lot of continuity in ritual or practice — they simply self-identify as Dianic to indicate that they follow a Goddess-based, feminine-focused spiritual path.
Half fill itBoth McFarland and Z. Budapest have claimed to be the first to use Dianic to describe their work, but no matter who deserves that credit, the two traditions have clear differences. As it is said in the McFarland tradition chronology:. Although McFarland Dianic covens espouse feminism as an all-important concept, the exclusion of men from any coven is solely the choice of its individual High Priestess. People of all genders have always been welcome initiates to Old Dianics, a designation used by some to separate the two Dianic philosophies.
Shari Tripp was one of the earliest people initiated into the tradition. After having been introduced to McFarland by her sister Renda, she joined the mixed-gender coven. I met her and began training in early At that time I traveled from Houston to Dallas once a month and trained directly with Morgan and sometimes Mark.
I was initiated in December of and started passage to become a High Priestess in January of I miss her every day, but I know she was welcomed into the Summerland with open arms and her memory will always be in my heart. Tripp observed that the gender dynamics definitely changed how the 13 moons were celebrated. When I hived off and started my own circle, it was a mixed one as I had men that wanted in and those men were definitely an asset to the group.
Later, I ended up with only women but would have been open to a man coming in if all was right [with] the man and the timing. Part of how her presence is felt is in the rituals and mysteries which she handed down to all the high priestesses of the tradition she founded. That information is copied by hand from one book of shadows to the next, preserving and oral tradition that McFarland kept until she decided to write it down when she began working with Roberts in They created the tradition with just one other person joining their original covenstead, called Morrigana, but it soon grew into three groups: one was exclusively female, a second was mixed gender, and the third catered to families with children.
Roberts opted to take a different path inbut the Morrigana covenstead continued until McFarland had always expected its existence to be limited to training high priestesses for descendant covens, and there were six of those in existence when Morrigana finally did dissolve. That was also the year that McFarland opted to retire as leader of the tradition. In her honor, tradition members decided to dub themselves McFarland Dianics to distinguish themselves from other Dianic paths.
While she took a back seat in the tradition in her later years — largely interacting only through Granath and by monitoring emails, according to Tripp — McFarland did continue to care about tradition members. Tripp shared an anecdote, from when the Bastrop wildfires destroyed her own home in Morgan took on the task of organizing the members of the tradition to help me with the things I needed.
Specifically, to replace and restock my Craft things which meant a lot to me. Morgan called in energy and love for me subordinating her own needs and situation. A selfless, pure action. She wrote me letters which I still cherish.
She also sent me a blank book and copies of the rituals so I could re construct my Book of Shadows. Morgan had a talent in writing of conveying emotions and transferring love and energy; her writings touched anyone deeply. What is remembered, lives. Skip to content GO. Home News U. Scott Karl E. The Wild Hunt is exclusively supported by readers like you.
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Different Paths of Witchcraft: Dianic Witch
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